Check this out on AMAZON: Corporations Are Not People: Why They Have More Rights Than You Do and What You Can Do About It http://www.amazon.com/dp/1609941055/ref=cm_sw_r_an_am_ap_am_us?ie=UTF8
A great read…so far.
Human Rights Book Review – ‘Death to the Dictator! – A Young Man Casts a Vote in Iran’s 2009 Election and Pays a Devastating Price’ by Afsaneh Moqadam
Iranian Elections 2009, June 12th. Mohsen Abbaspour, a typically youthful fellow in his 20’s — not especially politically opinionated, or driven to great successes, or sophisticated — takes part in the very first election of his lifetime in Iran’s 10th presidential vote in Tehran. Sick and tired with soaring joblessness and rising cost of living, he supports the reformist party and their nominee, Mir Hossein Mousavi. Mohsen feels his vote can make a difference.
It won’t. Practically the moment the poll closes, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad declares himself the winner with a clear majority (supposedly 62%) and therefore President. As the West moves quickly to comprehend the brazen fraudulence involved in the election, Abbaspour, together with his relatives, acquaintances and neighborhood friends, shall go through a feeling of complete despair, and after that another thing: an ever more clearer and perhaps more raw human emotion—the beginnings of fury. They march and protest, just like millions of other Iranians who streamed onto the street, protesting loudly yet peacefully with words such as, “Down with the tyrant!” and “Death to the Dictator”. Mohsen Abbaspour shall be embroiled within the irrepressible and eventual disastrous sequence of occurrences. Moshen himself is imprisoned, brutally beaten and raped.
Along the lines of Phillip Gourevitchs ‘We Wish to Inform You That Tomorrow We Will Be Killed with Our Families’ and Ryszard Kapuscinski’s insightful dispatches, Death to the Dictator! shocks the reader using its tragic and heart wrenching propinquity. The author, who goes by a pseudonym to safeguard his real identity, became an eager and extremely brave eye witness to the events in Tehran throughout these tumultuous times of 2009 and after. Within this courageous and genuine accounts pages, we view what we’re not meant to view, and discover what we aren’t presumed to be aware of.
For those who were so shocked by these events on the nightly news and wish to know more of the human rights abuses, which add to Iran’s already appalling record, you will find this a compelling read.Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( 1 so far )
Collapse : How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed
Jared M. Diamond;
ISBN10: 0143036556 ISBN13: 978-0143036555
Returning strongly following the triumph of his Pulitzer Prize-winning ‘Guns, Germs, and Steel’, Jared Diamond’s latest work,
‘Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed’ can be described as book of stimulating awareness of a coin’s flip side.
Whereas ‘Guns, Germs and Steel’ analyzed the way several societies flourished, as a result of their particular geographical and ecological inheritance, this book has a look as to why ancient communities and societies have failed so frequently in past times, partly due to similar causes.
To back up his particular theories, the author examines the inner workings of a diverse mix of earlier civilizations, such as the Anasazi from the American South-west, the Mayans as well as the colonial Vikings of Greenland to emphasize the point that geography or time have no respect or concern for collapsing societies. This is also the case in vice-versa.
‘Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed’ also considers modern-day societies including Rwanda in order to put in plain english the devastation that not too long ago presented itself to this human rights bare, grief stricken country, along with detailed explanations of why an American state such as modern day Montana, once considered one of the wealthiest states in the USA, should now be among the least well off. Might Montana be described as a scaled down version of the greater United States? The implications are obvious.
Jared Diamond ponders how is it that at one time extremely advanced and supposedly astute societies that engineered spectacular monuments as testament to their particular cultural and commercial adroitness, can abruptly disappear or be cursed with a sudden monumental impotence.
All the way through the authors numerous examples is the uneasy feeling that quite conceivably this type of destiny may also befall our very own modern westernised nations of supposed endless prosperity. In actual fact,this is the primary idea in this highly enjoyable and very intoxicating book.
‘Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed’ intends to awaken our collective awareness for a comprehension of what exists before our eyes in order that we might, just maybe, be spared, as substaniated, by the stumbling blocks of our shared histories. Essentially, we can not distinguish nor separate the environment from economies if we intend to counteract a ruinous destiny. The two are indivisible.
This maxim is no better demonstrated than with the book’s commentary concerning the Ancient Pueblo People – the Anasazi. The ruins of their culture in now what is northern New Mexico indicate a highly advanced and systematic culture within a vulnerable desert surrounding whichsurvived about six hundred years. Helping put this into perspective, these people held up for a longer period than every European culture inside the Americas up to now. Nevertheless, as time passed the Anasazi from the Chaco Canyon community grew to become increasingly skilled with responsibilities associated with their once successful community. As a result this granted them opportunities to make further and more efficient within their economy whilst also driving them culturally to be equally as interdependent. As time progresssed the Chaco Canyon complex depended increasingly more on communities on the periphery and outposts farther afield for extra help and sustenance, similar to a London or a Rome like city today. The major metropolitan areas served as centers for religion and government facilitating the administration of their respective societal structures.
‘Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed’ details how, like numerous modern cities of today, Chaco Canyon grew to be a place where goods were imported, but rarely a place where tangibles were exported from.
When the number of people grew, similarly the demands relating to their environment grew. Energy supply and various necessary resources grew to become more and more remote; in conjunction with soil depletion and erosion in the adjoining farmlands. Essentially, the Ancient Pueblo Peoples grew to be ever more in the vicinity of dwelling at the edge of what the environment could realistically sustain.
The breaking point came with an extended period of drought. Supporting and feeding themselves became next to impossible and their society all of a sudden disintegrated to the point of absolute civil breakdown, followed by uprisings, war, cannibalism and the eventual total abandonment of the Chaco Canyon site.
The moral message to take from this is the fact that even though these people implemented solutions which were remarkably effective and easy to undestand in the short-run, deadly errors were perpetuated over a longer duration. Of course this can be seen as analogous to our own modern day circumstances of rampant consumerism with little care for the exploitation of our precious environment and the sucking dry of our finite natural resources.
Despite the fact that ‘Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed’ may seem to solely come up with a powerful link between a failure of any society and the environment, it isn’t just about eco-cataclysms. The author additionally quantifies four further significant components regarding the decline of societies at the same time; such as belligerent neighbours; lack of partners to trade with; climate change and probably most significantly, the response to opportunities and threats. Within this line of thought, the book equally considers a number of historical successes where Japanese societies and the society of the New Guinea highlands possessed the wisdom to alter elemental customary values and reestablish a beneficial harmony with nature, trading partners etc. and prosper.
The concluding thoughts of ‘Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed’ are of caution but also hope for our own destiny. Humankind, the author reiterates, is the main architect of our problems.
We likewise have the power to repair the dilemmas we have created. It is not going to be easy and will demand deep-seated courage, so very necessary if we’re to hold hope and optimism in to our future.Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )
Book Review – Daughters of Juarez (Las Hijas de Juarez) by Teresa Rodriguez, Diana Montané and Lisa Pulitzer; Atria, Simon & Schuster 2008.
Daughters of Juarez (Las Hijas de Juarez)
Teresa Rodriguez, Diana Montané and Lisa Pulitzer;
Atria, Simon & Schuster 2008.
ISBN10: 0743292030; ISBN13: 9780743292030
For over a decade Juárez, Mexico, a city adjacent to the Rio Grande El Paso, Texas continues to be the focal point for a sickening criminal offensive towards the female population. Comprising of abductions, sexual assault, mutilation, mass murder, the majority of barbarous acts possess the same patterns or elements i.e. females, youthful, slender, and victims of low socio-economic backgorunds – giving weight to one particular presumption: the fact that the murders are not haphazard or one-offs but by clearly by design. It is truly femicide on a mass scale.
Regardless of the countless police and military busts and raids throughout the previous decade or so, the homicides persist in occurrence and frequency and the perpetrators are increasinly becoming more daring, getting rid of corpses within the limits of the actual city as an alternative to hiding them outside in the desert (which was how and where the first bodies were initially found). There seems to be a sinister air of a probable expanding and generally mind boggling accord and possible co-operation in a dodgy atmosphere of hushing up and suspect intransigence by Mexican officials.
‘Daughters of Juarez’ is undoubtedly a good solid engaging read for it is an authentic account of this mass femicide. Rodriguez makes a difference to many of the people impacted and indeed damaged by these atrocities by bringing the terrible incidents to light for all of us to see.
Despite the good this particular account may do, the book ‘Daughters of Juarez’ is nevertheless afflicted with a shortfall in design. Rodriguez jumps between dates, men and women and happenings so often that it becomes very difficult to stay easily on track. She often endulges in going too far with what should be more simple explanations . The storytelling as good as it is in some parts seems like a waste at other times – I feel there could have been more time spent on humanizing many of the victims by telling part of their story. Perhaps Rodriguez could enlighten us on further background in a follow up book. Some citations should have also been utilized by the author to assist the reader make headway of the depth of analysis and background investigatory work that must have been devoted to this book. So much unnecessary material could have been left out and replaced with substance of a more poignant nature.
Many readers will most likely be terrified by the depth of violence that the hundreds of victims were subjected to. But let us not forget the suffering experienced in so many ways by their families that is equally incomprehensibly terrifying. No matter how iron cast you think your stomach may be the story will shock you!
The account is riveting and should be required reading, however the drawn out composition of thoughts and the explanation involving exactly what the family members endured as well as the over dramatized retelling of the specific events seems to block the natural flow – a flow that ordinarily would encourage you not to put such a book down.
Furthermore, a more concise assessment on the specifics as well as extra cultural evaluation is likely to have assisted one to gain a clearer picture more readily (eg. the ongoing drug wars, the prevailing gang mentaliy, the sex discrimination deeply seeded in Mexican way of life, the ubiquitous corruption in border towns.) Did they contribute in anyway to the mass and serial murders of the women of Juarez? Readers I am sure would like to know.
Such a kind of book as ‘Daughters of Juarez’ also casts light on the ironic fact that intelligent U.S citizens, many whom are uninformed, are consuming not just products and goods from exploited workers in Mexican sweatshops south of their border, but also consuming many of those goods stained with the blood of victims of mass femicide and the victims families tears. The facts remain – women continue to be second rate citizens in Mexico to this day, while only a stones throw away, across the border, life goes on as per usual in the US with taken for granted freedoms, justice and equality. It is an unfortunate fact that the United States indirectly supports the ongoing repression because of their unquentionable thirst for consumerism.
Look over ‘Daughters of Juarez’ and then consider embarking on a getaway to Mexico. You will think about your lovely trip a whole lot more differently – guaranteed!
Even now, you can find little published regarding the issues raised in ‘Daughters of Juarez’. Perhaps if such a nightmarish situation occurred just north of the border, in El Paso, USA or within virtually any other developed or modern city anywhere else on the planet, we would certainly see it making headlines and causing mass public outcry. This is why this book is so very crucial. It brings the horrific events to the world’s attention.
But we must re-iterate despite the importance of the work bringing this topic to the world, the authors have done a diservice to the cause by their excessive dramatizing which can seem increasingly overdone and often contrived as one progresses through the book.
We do recommend reading the book and probably purchasing it. Support your local library and ask them to get it in for you if they do not aleady have it on their shelves. Regardless of some of its minor flaws, Daughters of Juarez is engaging and still worth a read.
The Human Rights Book ReviewRead Full Post | Make a Comment ( 1 so far )
Happy New Year to all our readers. May 2010 be a great year for you all.
Following are some of the books we have recently got wind of, so keep on the look out for their upcoming release. Based on initial reports, they seem like items worth exploring soon.
1. The Geneva Conventions Under Assault
Sarah Perrigo and Jim Whitman
Due: late March
2. Global Governance and Biopolitics: Regulating Human Security
Due: early March
3. The Devil and Mr. Casement: One Man’s Battle for Human Rights in South America’s Heart of Darkness
Due: mid Feb
4. Before Eminent Domain: Toward a History of Expropriation of Land for the Common Good (Studies in Legal History)
The University of North Carolina Press
Due: mid January
5. Beyond Punishment in International Criminal Justice
Mark Findlay and Ralph Henham
Due: early Jan
6. Profiting from Diversity: The Business Advantages and the Obstacles to Achieving Diversity
Due: early January
7. Worked Up Selves: Personal Development Workers, Self Work and Therapeutic Cultures
Due: early JanuaryRead Full Post | Make a Comment ( 1 so far )
Book Review – Freshwater Access from a Human Rights Perspective: A Challenge to International Water Law and Human Rights (International Studies in Human Rights) by Dr Knut Bourquain, Brill Academic Publishers, 2008.
Freshwater Access from a Human Rights Perspective: A Challenge to International Water Law and Human Rights (International Studies in Human Rights)
Dr Knut Bourquain
Brill Academic Publishers, 2008. ISBN: 9789004169548
The subject matter of insufficient water access for the worlds population and how it pertains to human rights, has been a very hot topic with the advent and recent urgency of climate change policy. For decades, the global deliberation on facilitating drinking water accessiblility has been kept primarily to NGO’s. What has truly been difficult with water and how it applies to international law is the arrival at any form of unequivocal definition. Further, and most astonishingly is that there has been practically no broad legal breakdown and/or groundbreaking study of the international law relating to the existing agreements and security of access to water. This is a fissure which is most competently patched up in this book. One may regard this as one of the seminal works on the topic it so effectively thrash’s out the topic of water rights.
The book, Freshwater Access from a Human Rights Perspective: A Challenge to International Water and Human Rights Law is authored by Dr Knut Bourquain, a lawyer and former lecturer at Germany’s Giessen University’s. He has become somewhat of a quasi water law expert over the past few years, having specialized in, taught in, and published what could be considered a respectable academic quantity on the topic of water law and how it applies to international human rights.
Dr Bourquain argues and makes a very clear distinction on the fundamentals of an exceedingly scattered area of law and human rights. He meticulously breaks the topic down into smaller and more easily understood parts which makes the work quite accessible to the lay reader but also brings clarity and definition to a seasoned human rights expert on a topic that has been quite foggy until now. He makes the interesting point that the inadequate accessibility to the vital supply of water is not an inescapable end result of water insufficiency. Surprisingly, arid countries have enough wherewithal to realize the necessary water requirements of their inhabitants and there are people in countries where water could be considered ubiquitous that put up with a form of water stress, too. Consequently, a lack in freshwater access can be seen as a dilemma of poor distribution and poor management.
The author analyses very closely the various shortfalls in the prevailing law of international water and human rights and argues for models that might go the distance in fortifying a human rights-based approach to freshwater access. Dr Bourquain does this by proposing both proper legal suitability as well as the appropriateness in the real world.
We felt this was a fine book on a topic given little time and effort to on the publication front. The book closes the gap on water resources and human rights and will make a terrific addition to not only a human rights library collection, but a climate change collection. This book has our thumbs up and we recommend it for purchase.
Table of contents
A. Introduction; I. The background situation – water scarcity as a global problem; II. Causes of the current crisis; III. Strategies of crisis management; IV. The role of law in problem-solving; V. The human rights-based approach to freshwater access in international law; VI. Synopsis of the study;
B. The law on international watercourses and its deficits in providing freshwater access; I. Introduction; II. Survey of the development of international water law in the 20th century; III. Analysis of international water law in regard to fulfilling the basic human need for water; IV. Concluding observations on international water law’s deficits;
C. Elements of a human rights-based approach to freshwater access; I. Introduction; II. Characteristics of a human rights-based approach to freshwater access; III. Human rights-based approaches vs. policy concepts?; IV. Freshwater access in the context of the debate on rights to development and a clean environment; V. Elaboration of the scope of obligations attached to a human rights-based approach to freshwater access; VI. Universalism, particularism and pluralistic legal systems; VII. Concluding observations on the characteristics of a human rights-based approach to freshwater access;
D. The human rights-based approach to freshwater access within current international human rights law; I. Introduction; II. Freshwater access within international human rights treaties; III. Freshwater access as part of customary international human rights law; IV. Freshwater access as part of general principles of international law; V. Extraterritorial obligations of states concerning the basic human need for water; VI. Concluding observations on the international human rights law’s contribution to freshwater access;
E. Improving a human rights-based approach to freshwater access; I. Introduction; II. The need to connect human rights law with international water law; III. Establishing new international treaty law; IV. Specifying and developing the human rights-based approach to freshwater access by the interpretation of existing law; V. Soft law and policy instruments strengthening a human rights-based approach to freshwater access; VI. Concluding observations on prospects for the improvement of a human rights-based approach to freshwater access;
F. Conclusions; Bibliography; Index.
The Human Rights Book Review
The Guantánamo Lawyers – Inside a Prison Outside the Law
Everyone of us has been peppered for years now with stories from the media of Guantanamo inmates and their abuse, either at the hands of their guards, or by the legal system (lack of due process). This book, the Guantanamo Lawyers, brings over 100 personal narratives from not only the inmates at “Gitmo” but also from other overseas prisons/detention centres. It brings these narratives to us first hand from their direct representatives, their Lawyers. The inmates, range from teenagers to octogenarians from approximately forty separate countries. For years, so many have been detained without charges, without any form of trial, and/or a fair and proper hearing. Many of these inmates are indeed America’s enemies but what is so scary is that in the book we learn of stories of how many of the inmates weren’t even captured on any form of battlefield. They were just rumored to be enemies, sometimes on little or faulty intelligence and delivered up to US forces for handsome bounty.
What really pulls at ones sensitivities is the utter mental and physical despair that the detainees go through, their feeling of hopelessness and fear as they are terrorized daily.
Its is hard to believe that civilized society can be driven to these depths. Especially the United States, the once shining example of freedom and justice.
Countless studies have been done on inmates and detainees over hundreds of years and this is probably one of the best (and most horrible) studies of how an intense isolation of a torturous military imprisonment devoid of so many human rights and international legal norms, can wreak havoc on an inmates mind and body and in the process, collaterally rip apart the very soul of the people and country that the system is supposed to protect. One can’t help but draw parallels with these stories with those of the harshest of colonial era penal colonies. These inmates have no sense of future. Deprived of their reality they are driven to self harm such as suicide, hunger strikes, self mutilation etc to add to the harm already heaped upon then day after day by their overseers.
We learn of the brave fight by true American patriots – the lawyers who represent them. The lawyers, many of them military lawyers, thankfully, are not beholden to their military masters, but driven by their devotion and oaths to justice, fairness and human rights for all. Their plight is moving. One finds themselves cheering for these advocates like one would cheer on a football team. Their lesson is our lesson and that is, no matter who we are, we must respect the rule of law, human rights and never stoop to the level of our enemies.
Grab a copy – it’s sure worth the read.
Contents of The Guantánamo Lawyers: Inside a Prison Outside the Law
Introduction by Mark P. Denbeaux and Jonathan Hafetz
Chapter 1 Representing the “Worst of the Worst”
How and Why the Lawyers Started Representing Detainees
Chapter 2 Getting behind the Wire
Rasul/Al Odah: The Right to Representation
Chapter 3 – Uncovering Guantánamo’s Human Face
Rendered: How the Detainees Got to Guantánamo
Chapter 4 Red Tape and Kangaroo Courts
Barriers to Representation
The No-Hearing Hearings: Combatant Status Review Tribunals
Boumediene v. Bush: The Death Knell for Prisons beyond the Law
Chapter 5 – Tortured
A Product of Torture Culture
Chapter 6 – Alternative Forms of Advocacy
Chapter 7 – Leaving Guantánamo
Stuck in Limbo
Out but Not Free
Chapter 8 – Guantánamo beyond Cuba: A Global Detention System outside the Law
Guantánamo Comes to America
Timeline: Guantánamo and the “War on Terror”
If one is inclined to go further with the research or understanding of the Lawyers narrative, New York University Library has produced a Guantánamo Lawyers digital archive for this purpose. The site is dedicated to collecting the narratives of the legal representatives who acted on behalf of detainees at the Guantánamo Bay Detention Center. Anyone can download and view the documents as PDFs. Please visit the site here: Guantánamo Lawyers Digital Archive
The Human Rights Book Review
Hello to all our New York supporters out there and any of our supporters that happen to be in New York. We have just returned from this event and you gotta get down there. Great event worth supporting. Hurry though – only a few hours left. Sorry we never posted advance notice.
Co-sponsored by Human Rights in China and the Leitner Center for International Law and Justice at Fordham Law School, the Human Rights Book Fair celebrates Chinese, Tibetan, Uyghur, and English-language writers and artists who are currently in prison, under threat, or whose works have been censored or banned in China.
The interactive, multi-media program includes readings, documentary screenings, multi-media presentations, and a panel discussion.
We are going back for a reception later on in the evening, so say hello if you bump into any of the team down there.
Congratulations to Professor Geraldine Van Bueren and all the the new commissioners at the Equality and Human Rights Commission
New Commissioner appointments have just been announced to Britain’s Equality and Human Rights Commission. It is envisaged that the three-year appointments, announced by Harriet Harman, Minister for Women and Equality, will bolster most considerably the Commission’s ongoing and future work on gender, sex orientation, race, religion and belief, age, disability, and human rights in general, as well as its work with employers in both the private and public sector.
Of the appointments, all worthy and deserving in their own way, we would like to single out for particular congratulations, Professor Geraldine Van Bueren. Professor, or should we say Commissioner Van Bueren, has not only an illustrious legal and academic career to her credit, but is also a distinguished author of some very important core human rights texts that we should bring to the attention of our readers.
They are (in chronological order):
*Child Rights in Europe: Convergence and Divergence in Judicial Protection
*Article 40: Child Criminal Justice (Commentary on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, 40)
*Childhood Abused: Protecting Children Against Torture, Cruel, Inhuman, and Degrading Treatment and Punishment
*International Law on the Rights of the Child (International Studies in Human Rights)Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )
2009 shortlists have just been announced for the prestigious Australian Human Rights Awards conducted annually by the highly regarded Australian Human Rights Commission (AHRC).
The AHRC’s President, Catherine Branson, commented that the shortlists were judged from more than two hundred high quality entrants nominated from across Australia.
“The shortlists selection is always an inspiring and difficult process for the judging panels due to the extraordinary effort and achievement displayed in the entries,” Ms Branson said.
“I congratulate all those who entered the Awards for their outstanding commitment to protecting and promoting human rights in Australia and, in particular, I congratulate these entrants who have been shortlisted.”
The full shortlists can be found at http://www.humanrights.gov.au/hr_awards, but we have included the Literature Non-Fiction Award shortlist below for relevance to this blog.
Award winners will be presented with their trophies at the annual gala luncheon at the Grand Ballroom, Sheraton on the Park Hotel, Sydney, on Thursday, 10 December 2009. Winners of the prestigious 2009 Human Rights Medal and Young People’s Human Rights Medal will also be announced on the day, which will have ABC Television personality and 2009 Andrew Olle Media lecturer Julian Morrow, as MC.
The Human Rights Book Review finds it quite strange that Julian Morrow of Chaser infamy can be included as MC on the day particlularly after the controversy surrounding a recent skit in his show which made fun of sick and dying children. If the commission are serious about childrens rights, and they seem to be based on recent media releases, do they honestly think it wise appointing Mr Morrow with his teams black mark on human rights so recent? Something to ponder. Here is the offendiing skit. You be the judge and decide whether having Julian Morrow as MC is still too soon after the Chasers ‘Make a realistic wish’ clip.
All information about the 2009 Human Rights Medals and Awards can be found on the website at http://www.humanrights.gov.au/hr_awards, including the Award categories, the judges criteria, winners from previous years and how to get your ticket to the Human Rights Awards 2009 ceremony.
Literature Non-Fiction Award Shortlist
Black Politics: Inside the complexity of Aboriginal political culture
Culture is… Australian Stories Across Cultures: An Anthology
Anne – Marie Smith (Editor)
The Multicultural Writers Association of Australia
Navigating Teenage Depression: A guide for parents and professionals
Gordon Parker and Kerrie Eyers
All these titles are avaliable in Australia and New Zealand from
Postscript: 11th December, 2009. The winners were announced yesterday by the AHRC and the Literature/Non-Fiction prize was awarded to Margot O’Neill for Blind Conscience.
In the Commissions own words “Blind Conscience tells the stories of the people who struggled to get asylum seekers out of detention and to change government policy. It looks at what was the tipping point that made both well-known and ordinary Australians decide to become involved with asylum seekers. The book is a heartfelt, moving and inspirational examination of the point when doing nothing ceases to become an option. Margot is from Coogee, NSW.”
The Human Rights Book review would like to commend Margot on her prize and we look forward to reading her book at some point in the very near future.Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )
Responsibility and accountability for human rights abuse – the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa by Marina Carman
In her new book, Marina Carman debates the concepts and theory of responsibility and
accountability for human rights abuse in a South African social, political and moral context. She centres much of her book on the role of South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission and how they have fallen short of specifically and directly defining key theoretical concepts of responsibility or accountability. However, the author puts forward a strong argument that it is possible to draw out that the TRC has implied an approach that stresses that individual accountability stretches further to encompass a collective responsibility in a broader social context. Carman
argues that these collectives and/or individuals should not just accept responsibility but
hold themselves accountable by being active players and contributors to forthcoming change.
A thought provoking read which makes the reader realize that the TRC’s work is valuable, yet doesn’t seem capable of pleasing all – especially those that expect impractical hopes to be fulfilled in such short timeframes.
The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities – European and Scandinavian Perspectives (Brill Academic Publishers, 2009)
The very first human rights treaty adopted by the United Nations in the twenty first century was The International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Its aim is to secure the effective and equal human rights for the estimated 650,000,000 persons with disabilities the world over. It reaches this goal by by tailoring gerneral human rights norms to their circumstances. It mirrors and advances the shift away from welfare to rights in the context of disability. The Convention itself represents a mix between non-discrimination and other substantive human rights and gives practical effect to the idea that all human rights are indivisible and interdependent. This collection of essays, edited meticulously by Oddný Arnardóttir, Mjöll, and Gerard Quinn, examines these developments from the global, European and Scandinavian perspectives and the challenge of transposing its provisions into national law. It marks the exciting coming of age of disabilty as a core human rights concern.
A book worth owning. Our thumbs up.Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )
Admirably, Human Rights Watch has developed this per annum movie series of first run films that heightens and enlightens our understanding of human rights abuses in history and at all corners of the globe. This year another bumper set has been brought together (7 in all) and is packaged beautifully with full liner notes from Human rights experts at Human Rights Watch coupled with the movie makers comments themselves. Keep an eye out for possible July release date. Only Amazon US is taking pre-orders at this point.
S21: THE KHMER ROUGE KILLING MACHINE
Accolades: International Human Rights Award 2004; Best Director and Václav Havel Awards, One World Human Rights Film Festival 2004; Best Documentary, Chicago International Film Festival; Francois Chalais Award, Cannes Film Festival 2003; Grand Jury Prize, Copenhagen Film Festival 2003; FIPRESCI Prize, Leipzig Film Festival 2003
Filmaker and survivor Rithy Panh takes us back to the infamous point and place in time i.e. the Cambodian killing fields of 1975-79, when two million Cambodians died from murder and famine under the brutal Khmer Rouge’s ideal of an agrarian utopia. The population were forced into the countryside for re-education but were decimated in a relentless genocide. Panh’s own family were slaughtered by the Khmer Rouge.
This story is focused on the detention center ‘S-21’. ‘S-21’ was the schoolhouse-turned prison where 17,000 adults and children were interrogated, tortured and killed, their “crimes” documented to justify their execution. One survivor, Vann Nath, confronts his gaolers/jailers, one of whom, a prison guard by the name of Poeuv, was only 12 years old when he committed the atrocities. His fellow guards too are not apologists nor remorseful and sickenly attempt to justify their horrendous actions and the genocidal machine which they found themselves parts of.
THE DEVIL’S MINER
Winner of the German Camera Award
Woodstock Film Festival, Best Documentary
Winner of the Humanitarian Award, Mexico Film Festival
Winner, Best Documentary Filmamkers, Tribeca Film Festival
Jerusalem Film Festival, Spirit of Freedom Award, Best International Documentary
Winner of the Silver Hugo Award, Best Documentary, Chicago Film Festival
Winner of the Fipresci Prize, Hot Docs – Toronto
The Devil’s Miner centres on two brothers, 14-year-old Basilio Vargas and his 12-year-old brother Bernardino, who risk their lives daily by working deep in the perilous silver mines of Cerro Rico, Bolivia, in order to earn a pittance to support their family and afford essential educational supplies. The boys, like their fellow miners turn to worshipping a demonlike deity, El Tio, for protection in their infernal underground world of darkness and despair. The boys have little hope of seeing better days and this harrowing tale makes us all realise how human rights laws in our safe Western countries are so easily taken for granted, especially those which protect the most vulnerable, our children.
Karma, a Tibetan filmmaker from New York, goes to Dharamsala to make a documentary about political prisoners who have escaped Tibet. She interviews Dhondup, an enigmatic ex-monk who confides in her that his real reason for escaping to India is to fulfill his dying mother’s last wish, to deliver a charm box to a long-missing resistance fighter. Karma unwittingly falls in love with Dhondup as his quest becomes a journey into Tibet’s fractured past and a voyage of self-discovery.
Silent Waters is set in 1979 Pakistan, when General Zia-ul-Haq took control of the country and stoked the fires of Islamic nationalism. Ayesha, who gets by on her late husband’s pension and by teaching young girls the Koran, invests her hopes in her beloved son Saleem. But when Saleem takes up with a group of Islamic fundamentalists just as a group of Sikh pilgrims come to town, Ayesha’s past comes to haunt her .
Accolades: Audience Award, Best Feature, Barcelona GLBT International Festival; Audience Award, Best Documentary, Hartford Alternatives Festival
Dangerous Living is the first documentary exploring the lives of homosexuals in non-western cultures. We hear the stories of gays and lesbians from Egypt, Honduras, Kenya, Thailand and elsewhere, places most occurrences of oppression receive no media coverage. Dangerous Living sheds light on an emerging global movement to end discrimination and violence against GLBT people.
THE CAMDEN 28
Jury Prize; Audience Award, Best Documentary, Philadelphia International Film Festival
Summer, 1971: Protests against the Vietnam War are spreading across the US. In Camden, New Jersey a group of 28 activists are arrested by the FBI for attemping to destroy records in a local draft board office. Featuring a treasure trove of archival materials as well as current interviews with Howard Zinn and members of the Camden 28, The Camden 28 uncovers a story of potent dissent.
ROSES IN DECEMBER
On December 2, 1980 lay missioner Jean Donovan and three American nuns were brutally murdered by El Salvador’s security force. Roses in December chronicles Donovan’s life, from her affluent childhood to her decision to volunteer in El Salvador to her tragic death. Roses in December is both an eloquent memorial to Jean Donovan’s commitment and a powerful indictment of U.S. foreign policy in Central America.
Is Jean Allain a slave to the study of slavery? – book review – The Slavery Conventions: The Travaux Preparatoires of the 1926 League of Nations Convention and the 1956 United Nations Convention (Martinus Nijhoff, 2008)
Jean Allain is one of the worlds foremost experts on the international law of slavery. Some would argue, it is his lifes work.
One thing is certain, he is one of the few legal scholars in history who has had the steadfastness to dig into the bowels of various UN libraries worldwide to put together the pieces of the highly elusive slavery conventions puzzle. Anyone that knows anything of this complex area of law knows that the slavery conventions, and what is considered the prevailing overall law on the subject, was not something constructed overnight or even in a year but over many decades, under the trusteeship of both the the UN and seminally, the League of Nations.
With his book ‘ The Slavery Conventions’, Jean Allain has donned the cap of a forensic researcher to find us all the relevant working documents and negotiations history on the subject. He has analysed it with his sound scholarly skill and applied it, with a plethora of caselaw and legislative reference, for modern context. This work will inject clarity to the murky and ambiguous interpretation of the incongruous material of the past.
While I do not always agree with Allain’s views on the Middle East conflict, I commend his work highly on this subject and in turn recommend this text as an addition/acquisition to any human rights library or collection of works pertaining to this very important subject. Any human rights enthusiast will appreciate its worth on perusal.
The main Slavery Conventions brought together in this work are:
The 1926 League of Nations Slavery Convention
The 1953 Protocol Amending the Slavery Convention
The 1956 Supplementary Convention
They should be considered in tangent with:
The 2000 Palermo Protocol on the prevention, suppression and punishment of trafficking in persons;
The 2005 Copuncil of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in human beings
Humorous postscript – this piece by Elisabeth Wynhausen and Natalie O’Brien appeared in the Australian newspaper at the time of the High Court Case of Wei Tang, which incidentally considered the meaning of slavery. Excerpt concerning this book below.
‘A faint but unmistakable air of showmanship pervades the resulting proceedings. The plummy-voiced beetle-browed Mr Solicitor, as Bennett is called, doesn’t just look and sound like a character out of Rumpole, he actually resembles John Mortimer. Now and then an observer new to the High Court may wonder if the judges and these learned friends are playing a game called “Who’s got the best treaty, then?”
While Hayne quotes “the Official Journal of the League of Nations reporting on the 92nd Session of the council of the league for July 1936”, Brett Walker SC, the counsel for HREOC, quotes a book by a certain Monsieur Allain. Holding up the work in question, he says: “I understand I have the only copy in the country.”
The formidable performances almost seem to obscure the facts of the case.’
Michael Simon for the Human Right Book ReviewRead Full Post | Make a Comment ( 1 so far )
« Previous Entries